The name La Oliva comes from the abundant occurrence of the wild olive tree (Olea europaea) ago. In 1708, La Oliva was the seat of the military commissariat. In 1711 the village got its own parish. For several years, Fuerteventura was managed from La Oliva. However, this position was lost in 1860 to Puerto de Cabras, today's Puerto del Rosario. The Montaña de Tindaya with 401m was the Holy Mountain of the Altkanarier. The island's most recent volcano is the 420-meter-high Montaña de Arena, which erupted about 4000 years ago, and its lava flowed to Lajares. The recent or fourth series of outbreaks can be seen from the fact that no Lime encrustacion and only a very low weathering has taken place. So this country is also called Malpaís (bad land).
The previous third series of outbreaks took place approximately 690,000 years ago. In the municipality of La Oliva you will find the black Picón waste dumps. Here, in the framework of a government aid plan for the underdeveloped island in the 1950s, General Franco promoted the opencast mining of the important lava granules for irrigation. The dune area south of Corralejo is protected since 1982 and forms the natural park Parque Natural de Corralejo. Since 1987, the uninhabited island Lobos belongs to it. In the name of the place Villaverde the term verde (green), because this village is amazingly green. It lies at 200 meters altitude, in the moisturizing north-east Passat. The Picón or Lapilli, this small, porous stone, can store the moisture. This type of field cultivation is called Enarenado.
The volcano hike in the north
Our hike will take place in the north of the island. Said in Corralejo. This hike has a distance of about 12Km. First it goes on a volcano crater, and we will walk along together.
Duration: 3-4 hours